Importance of Early Childhood Care and Education (ECCE) in 2020 ( The new guide).

Importance of Early Childhood Care and Education (ECCE) in 2020 ( The new guide).

Importance of Early Childhood Care and Education (ECCE) in 2020 ( The new guide).

#1 What is Early Childhood Care and Education (ECCE)?

The early years (0 to 6 years) are the foundation years in human’s life as the rate of development is more rapid than any other stage of development.

Getting the foundations right carries huge long term benefits: Better Physical and Mental health, which includes better learning in schools and in higher education. Research shows that the quality of early learning & early child development reduce the rate of repetitions and dropouts and improves outcomes of all levels of education. 

Early Childhood Education does not follow formal teaching: 3 R’s - Reading, Writing and Arithmetic as it is harmful to them. In ECE, teachers use playful methods to interact and teach children. Some of them include; circle times, free play, drawing, storytelling, rhyme and poems singing, etc.

Importance of Early Childhood Care and Education (ECCE) in 2020 ( The new guide).

#2 Why Is Early Childhood Care and Education Important?

As we have discussed, 0 to 6 years are the foundation years in humans’ life. 

·       Brain development is an ongoing process that starts from the 3rd week of gestation and continues till early adulthood. Brain foundation fully depends on the Early experiences, these experiences either establish a weak foundation for all learning, health, and behaviour that follows or establish a strong foundation for the same. In the first few years, the brain forms more than 1 million neural connections every second.


·         Genes and experience influence and shape the developing brain. Scientists say that that “serve and return”, the relationship of a child with his/her parents, caregivers and other members are the main ingredients to good brain development.


·         As we know that the body and brain develop from simple to complex so the brain’s capacity to change decreases with age. In early years the brain is more flexible “Plastic” to accommodate a wide range of interaction and environment. But as the brain becomes more complex to assume more complex functions, it becomes less capable of adapting to new or unexpected challenges. 

Plastic means it is easier and more effective to rewire a baby's developing brain than an adult. For example, A baby can learn the second language easier and more effective if given the appropriate environment compares to an adult.

  •  The Emotional and Physical health, Social skills and Cognitive-Linguistic capacities are interrelated as the brain is a highly interrelated organ, and its multiple functions operate in a rich coordinated fashion. 

  • There are two types of stress: Toxic Stress and Positive Stress. 

·         Toxic Stress damages the brain and can lead to lifelong problems in learning, behaviour, and physical and mental health. Examples; Chronic (long-term) stress in early childhood, repeated abuses, and severe maternal depression, etc. 

·         Positive Stress is a necessary and important aspect of healthy development. Example; Moderate, short-lived physiological to an uncomfortable experience, and for us exam/test/presentation stress.


In the early years, the child has two periods: Critical and Sensitive Periods.

  • Critical Period

·         A time when a particular type of development growth must occur for normal development.

·         For example, The fetus develops limbs, fingers and toes, each on a particular day between 28-54 days after conception. If this is disrupted, the child never develops normal limbs.

  • Sensitive Period 

·         A time when a type of development occurs most easily.

·         For example, if a child does not master the first language during the sensitive period, he/she may still do it later, but might experience difficulty. 


#3 Stages of Child Developments.



1.      9 months of  Pregnancy


2.       Birth - 2 months


3.      2 months - 1 year


4.      1-3 years


5.      3-6 years

Early Childhood

6.      7-11 years

Middle Childhood

7.      11-18 years


I have also covered the Importance of play and adult in play in Early Childhood. You can also read that.

 I hope you find this information helpful.